TOJDEL - Volume 9 - Issue 2 - April 2021

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF E-LEARNING PLATFORMS AND ASSOCIATED ONLINE ACTIVITIES

Swati Kirange, Deepali Sawai

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E-learning provides an opportunity of skill development and knowledge gain from anywhere, anytime and anyplace. Schools and higher education institutes are facing closures due to the spread of the COVID-19. During this period a noticeable impact is observed in take up of digital learning by students and professionals. Now a day there is variety in e-learning platforms. These platforms can be a mobile apps, video conferencing apps or LMS software. The purpose of this research is to study various activities performed in e-learning environment. This paper will present the comparative analysis of widely adopted e-learning platforms. This study would be beneficial for educationalist while adopting an online learning platform.

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AN INVESTIGATION INTO HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS ONLINE CLASS DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC SITUATION

M. J. Senthilkumar, S. Kulothunga Pandian

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The entire world is battling against the COVID-19 pandemic situation. Work from home is the talk of the day and has become the norm in most of the industry. To reduce the spread of COVID-19, most countries around the world have decided to temporarily close in-person instruction and moved to remote learning and teaching from March 2020 onwards. However, the educational sector takes concerted efforts to maintain learning continuity during this period.  Students have to rely more on their resources to continue learning remotely through the Internet, television, or radio. Teachers also adopt new pedagogical concepts and modes of delivery of teaching, for which they may not have been trained. Likewise, the learners in the most marginalized groups, who don't have access to digital learning resources or lack the resilience and engagement to learn on their own, are at risk of falling behind. The problems like poor attendance, lack of personal touch, and lack of interaction due to connectivity issues were not only faced by the faculty members but also by the students. It increases the stress level among the young generation and increases the negative attitude towards the education system. The present article highlighted the Higher Secondary School Students' attitude towards online classes.  

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ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS AFFECTING ADOPTION OF ONLINE EDUCATION

Virendra Chavda

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COVID – 2019 pandemic has changed the educational scenario and forced to develop abrupt changes in the areas of education in India. Majority of the educational institutions have to adopt online education for the benefits of students learning and internal assessments. The developing country like India where still the classroom teaching is the most favourable medium of education and online education is in the childhood stage. Due to the availability of infrastructure, mindset of various stakeholders, it is the biggest challenge for various stakeholders to switch from traditional teaching to online education. This study tries to identify factors affecting online education among faculty members and college students. Two online studies (N= 500 students and N = 250 faculty members) have been carried out with the help of structured questionnaires. Exploratory factor analysis and Confirmatory factor analysis were used to identify the factors; Infrastructure & Technology dimensions, students’ related dimensions, faculty’s related dimensions, facilitating dimensions, social influence dimensions, effort dimensions, perceived usefulness, performance expectations dimensions and security & risk dimensions. The study discusses the practical implications of these findings.

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ATTITUDE OF POST GRADUATE STUDENTS TOWARDS BLENDED LEARNING

Paritosh Mahato, Santosh Kumar Behera, Mazhar Shamsi Ansary

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In the current investigation an endeavor to examine the attitude of Post Graduate students towards Blended Learning in Purulia District of West Bengal, India. The Descriptive method was employed. A total of 148 PG Students (Second Semester - 54 and Fourth Semester-94) from Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University in Purulia District of West Bengal were taken as representative samples of the population as a whole. A stratified random sampling technique was adopted to select Post Graduate students. An Attitude Scale (Likert type) was utilized for gathering the data. Mean, S.D., t-test and F-test were used to analyze the data. The study uncovered that the degree of attitude of Post Graduate students towards blended learning in Purulia District of West Bengal is average or moderate. The study additionally uncovered that attitude of Post Graduate students towards blended learning as for their Gender (Male-Female), Locality (Rural-Urban), Semester (2nd – 4th), Internet User (User- Non user), Family type ( Joint-Nuclear), Caste (Hindu, Muslim, and Sari), Guardians Occupations did not differ significantly. On the other hand, attitude of Post Graduate students towards blended learning with respect to their Streams (Arts, Science and commerce) differs significantly. 

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BLENDED LEARNING DURING PANDEMIC (COVID 19): STUDENTS’ PERSPECTIVE

Debarati Adhikari

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This paper discusses about students’ motivation towards blended learning method in application in the pandemic situation of COVID 19 through a small survey conducted upon Under Graduate students of West Bengal. A questionnaire was developed using online platform (jotforms) and circulated among students through social contacts. UG students belonging to age group of 18-21 were targeted in the study. 75 responses were received on line as recorded. Students are seen to be keen to attend online classes but in conjunction with on-site classes in the pandemic situation. They appreciate the importance of online classes. However, in so far as testing or evaluation is concerned a majority of them do not favour online mode currently.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF ONLINE TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS IN SEMI URBAN AREAS- AN EMPIRICAL STATISTICAL STUDY

R. Karthi, P. Jamuna Devi

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Online teaching is becoming a necessity for the students to learn things in the Covid19. Many of the educational institutions are still closed due to the pandemic, but the learning process is in progress with the support of online teaching. It helps the students to learn courses from their teachers, complete assignments, and equip themselves. The purpose of the study is to find out the effectiveness of online teaching among the students of semi-urban areas. The research behind choosing the topic is to analyze the impact of online teaching on students learning and the facilities available to access the content online. In this study, the researcher studies the effectiveness of online teaching among the students in semi-urban areas of Nagapattinam district, South India. The researcher has chosen 117 samples to measure the effectiveness of online teaching in educational institutions. The research has reached the conclusion based on the results.

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INVESTIGATING DIGITAL LEARNING MEDIA FOR SKILL ENHANCEMENT PROGRAMMES

Anita Singh, Surabhi Singh

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Digital learning media is a definite need for the current industry. Combining digital activities into the broader strategy becomes a challenge as the companies don't yet have strong digital capabilities. The study aimed to explore the students' perception and digital platforms towards the Effective Use of Digital media for Skill Enhancement programs of the educational institutes offering technical courses. The study was conducted to identify gaps in existing systems and effective use of digital marketing tools of various skill enhancement programs, which can be introduced by technical courses institute to enhance the profitability and brand image. The study employed Quantitative Methods and descriptive research for data collection and report compilation. The paper concluded the two factors, namely Job Specific skills and Careful Planning, that influence customer perception of online marketing for skill enhancement programs. The findings may contribute to the existing knowledge of e-learning technology as an educational resource. The results may also benefit the practitioners in customizing online programs in the institutions. 

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ONLINE CLASSES EXPERIENCE AMONG STUDENTS DURING LOCKDOWN

Bhavna Sharma

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As the economy is unfavourably influenced by Covid-19, education sector also got affected. Switching over from offline to online education during the lockdown period was undoubtedly for the first time in India to experiment with the education system. No one thought that the classes would be delivered online. The purpose of the study was to understand the experience of online classes among students during lockdown and to know their satisfaction level during online classes. The data have been collected through a questionnaire filled from 128 respondents of the National Capital Region (NCR). The study was conducted during May to July 2020. Random sampling method was used to select the respondents. The collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics. It was found that the majority of the students agree that online classes are convenient, but it is not interactive. Some of them feel that attention is not given to students in online classes as compared to the real classroom. They do not want to continue with online classes after the pandemic. Students are not satisfied with online classes. It is recommended that the teaching pedagogy needs to be changed for online classes. It should be made sure that students are engaged during classes and more attention should be given to the students.

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PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS AT HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS TOWARDS ONLINE ASSESSMENT: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

Surabhi Negi, Richa Mehta

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Assessment is an essential piece of the teaching-learning puzzle. Since decades, there has been a tussle between which modes of assessment, traditional or online would best meet the goal of learner’s evaluation. By the 21st century, blended mode of assessment had already made its foot in the door for many educational institutions. However, it was the pandemic which tilted the scale globally towards the online methods of evaluation and assessment. This paper attempts to explore how students perceive the online assessment, they have been subjected to. The data was collected through an online survey conducted in the month of October. 120 students between the age group of 18-23 years studying in higher education institutes in Delhi (Undergraduates and Post Graduates) participated in this study. The sample was purposive as the responses from only those who had been asked to undergo online assessment during the pandemic were selected. The simple percentage distribution was used to analyze the information provided by the participants. The results highlighted apprehensions of students while they are being assessed online. It also shares insight about the traditional modes of assessment as well as the opinion of students regarding the digitalization of education. These results would help us in recognizing the hurdles and discovering the positives of online assessment. 

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PERFORMANCE CRITIQUE FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE RURAL AREA USING DATA MINING ALGORITHMS

Amandeep Kaur, Karanjeet Singh Kahlon

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Advanced education has accomplished the most extreme need as it assumes a basic part of the socio-economic development of the nation. The objective of the administration is to deliver an instructive domain with Knowledge, Skills, Desired Values, Innovations. The measures are adopted to expand the number of educational foundations with the goal that no youngster is deserted in gaining instruction. But, there still exists a provincial divergence in the  Indian Education System. A gigantic hole has been made in metropolitan and provincial region instructive foundations. The state governments are attempting their level best to minimize the gap by opening the number of instructive foundations of the most extreme quality in a rustic region so training ought to be uninhibitedly accessible at the doorsteps. This paper manages to take a contextual analysis of a rustic zone instructive establishment that assesses the exhibition of the understudies in a graduation course and targets perceiving the most persuasive credits that influence the performance. It additionally examines the explanations behind the dropouts and discovers the timeline when the dropouts are greatest. This is accomplished by applying various classification algorithms to the dataset. It establishes that the Multi-Layer Perceptron Model outstands all by accomplishing 100% precision and Kappa Statistics estimation of 1.

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PERSPECTIVE OF INTERIOR DESIGN STUDENTS TOWARDS ONLINE CLASSES AMID COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN INDIA

Sucheta Nigam, Vibha Kapoor

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Currently, the entire world is gripped by the dangerous novel coronavirus. It impacted the education system. Interior designing education, mingle creativity with meticulousness, and technical skills are taught to design space practically, distinct from another stream. This study focuses attention on online learning in interior design education. This research aims to find out the interior design students’ perspective and discovered online learning to be profitable and the student's experience was more leaned towards positive aspects. The outcomes of this research hopefully allow institutions to appraise their curriculums on the ground of the findings and the suggestions by this study, as online classes are our future and best solution during COVID-19.

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PREFERENCE BASED E-LEARNING DURING COVID-19 LOCKDOWN: AN EXPLORATION

Varsha P.Desai, Kavita.S.Oza, Rajanish.K.Kamat

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Before 2020, In India online education was considered as secondary source of education. Due to COVID-19 lockdown there is drastic change in education system. There are more than 1.2 billion students are out of the classroom all over the world. Digital platform plays a significant role in e-learning to undertake teaching and learning process remotely. During pandemic period there is significant growth in usage of e-learning software’s, video conferencing tools, language applications, social media and electronic devices. Many e-learning applications are freely available and accessible for online education.  Initially it was difficult to accept online education in rural area and for primary education. Due to the pandemic situation most of the teachers as well as students accepted online platform for education. Selection and access of right e-learning technology leads to more effective e-learning outcome. This research paper focus on identifying students’ preference for using e-learning resources and applications in higher education.

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SURVEY OF STUDENT PERCEPTIONS OF REMOTE ONLINE TEACHING IN AN UNDERGRADUATE GENERAL DEGREE AWARDING INSTITUTION

Gopal M Gokhale

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Educational institutions across India have been closed owing to the contagious COVID-19 pandemic. Teachers and students are compelled to adopt the virtual mode of teaching and learning. A student perception survey on remote online learning was carried out in an undergraduate college offering general degree education. The survey revealed that most students were satisfied with the quality of instruction and their learning. Students experienced internet connectivity issues which are predominant in rural areas. Findings suggest that governments and educational institutions must improve technological facilities so that students get used to blended learning, which is an approach that combines face-to-face and online learning experiences. Moreover, steps must be taken to ensure that teachers are trained to adopt the best online teaching methods to make the sessions more interactive and interesting.

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THE IMPACT OF ONLINE LEARNING ON LEARNERS’ EDUCATION AND HEALTH

Deepa V. Ramane, Ulka A. Devare, Madhavi V.Kapatkar

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An unexpected outbreak of COVID-19 made everyone perplexed and forced all the stakeholders of the education system to explore the ways to overcome the barrier to compensate for academic losses of learners. The best remedy to resolve this problem was emerged as ‘On line teaching-learning mode’. Need has arisen to study the accessibility and effectiveness of this method and also the impact on physical and psychological health of learners. The paper presents the findings of national level online survey in which 138 participants of different age groups participated. Analysis of responses revealed that learners’ concentration got distracted due to disturbances like network accessibility and surrounding noise. Long-time handling of E-gadgets, lack of personal interaction with teachers and peers caused severe physical and psychological discomfort. The survey confirmed that though online teaching-learning mode emerged as an option for traditional classroom teaching to keep educational system running during this adverse period of pandemic, it has got several limitations and adverse effects also. So this could be a temporary solution for time being to shoulder and fulfilment of academic responsibilities but would never be a permanent replacement of traditional mode of teaching -learning. 

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TO BLOG OR NOT TO BLOG? A STUDENT DILEMMA FOR INTERACTIVE LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN MAURITIUS

Ramkissoon Parmeswar, Belle Louis Jinot

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This article examines the use of blogs by students in higher education institutions (HEIs) in Mauritius as a learning tool. Blogging has proved to be a successful medium for reflections and interactions among students in many contexts. This study looks into the extent to which students use blogging for online interactions and the reasons why they tend to blog or not to blog. Online survey questionnaires were administered to 600 students from three public HEIs offering courses in blended mode, namely the University of Mauritius, the Open University of Mauritius and the Centre for Open and Distance Learning of the Mauritius Institute of Education. The response rate was 72.2%. 24 students and 8 lecturers from three HEIs were selected by using purposive convenience sampling for focus group discussions and individual interviews respectively. The survey revealed that only 29.3 % of students use blogs in their learning and that 40 % of them have never used blogs. It was found that students in Mauritius have a cultural inhibition to share their views, feelings, experiences and knowledge among themselves online though they use social networking sites, the curriculum is too structured, they are cognitively overloaded with too much information through e-learning and lecturers are not prepared to adopt blogging as a teaching tool. 

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USE OF SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY FOR TEACHING OF FACIAL ANALYSIS IN SPEECH-LANGUAGE THERAPY

Patrícia Jorge Soalheiro De Souza, Camila de Castro Corrêa, Renato Yassutaka Faria Yaedú, Giédre Berretin-Felix

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The objective was to develop and evaluate technological resources for teaching in facial analysis. Methods: The study included 20 Speech-Language Therapy students, who studied (1st stage) and trained the facial anthropometric measurements (2nd stage) by the Invivo5® software (experimental group – EG), individuals of the In Situ group (control group – CG) and Speech-Language Therapy group (PG), who collected measurements from the same individual (3rd stage). Results: The Interactive Tutorial was composed by: “use of caliper”, “evaluating the patient” and “use of software” (1st stage). The CG used the In Situ training to solve doubts, reporting the possibility to improve the practice (2nd stage). There was no statistical difference between values obtained by EG and CG, there was difference in measurement of the lower lip and time between PG and students (3rd stage). Conclusion: There is effectiveness of simulation since there were no differences between traditional and simulated teaching methods.

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