TOJDEL - Volume 9 - Issue 3 - July 2021

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ACADEMIC PROCRASTINATION AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: EXPLORING THE ROLE OF SMARTPHONE ADDICTION. A MIXED METHOD APPROACH

Hilal Ahmad Malla

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Objectives: The study is intended to investigate gender difference on academic procrastination & smart-phone
addiction among the secondary school students. Furthermore the study was also aimed to study the influence of
smart-phone addiction on academic procrastination.
Method: The current study adopted the mixed method research design, Such a design amalgamates the powers of
diverse research approaches to proliferate accuracy of data, allows for generating more clear picture of the novel
phenomenon (Creswell, 2014).
Sample: The present study was conducted on secondary school student of South Kashmir (n = 200). Statistical
techniques like S.D. and t-test were used for data analysis.
Instrumentation / Psychometric Measures: The following standardised tools were used to collect the required
data. I. Academic Procrastination Scale by A. K. Kalia and Manju Yadav II. Smart phone Addiction Scale by
Vijayshri and Masaud Ansari. III. Semi-structured and in-depth interview.
Results: The results revealed that a significant mean difference was observed between male and female secondary
school students on academic procrastination and smartphone addiction. Male students are found to procrastinate
their academics more and also exhibit more smart-phone addiction as compared to female students. Furthermore
factors like cyber-loafing, anxiety & depression and poor time management are found to facilitate academic
procrastination among the students.

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AN ANALYSIS ON PERCEIVED SERVICE QUALITY AND STUDENTS’ SATISFACTION OF E-LEARNING DURING COVID-19 IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION

Pragati Agarwal, Akansha Verma, Sunita Kumari Malhotra

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The outbreak of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in various countries at the end of 2019 has transferred traditional classroom teaching to e-learning platforms, which unswervingly affects the educational quality. The whole education system from school to higher education level has been distorted due to COVID-19 in India and all over the globe and forced to accept online mode. However, even with this paradigm shift, little research has been done to extend traditional service management concepts to online educational settings during the pandemic in developing countries. This research attempts to bridge this gap by applying the SERVQUAL scale, a well-validated and widely used service operations construct, to the online classroom environment, this paper uses a questionnaire survey and Google forms to collect experience data of 354 students. The findings show that the SERVQUAL scale exhibits both reliability and convergent and divergent validity; in fact, in these regards, it outperforms traditional student assessment scales. Four factors empathy, responsiveness, reliability and website content and privacy have significant effect on student satisfaction of perceived e-learning quality. The findings of this paper can be used for making approaches for online education across the globe to accelerate the online education level during pandemic, to promote the reform of information-based education. The paper provides the whole picture of current online teaching-learning during Covid-19, which makes it rare and gives a holistic view of the environment. This novel technique to assessing the quality of e-learning services demonstrates that students may be considered as customers and has far-reaching consequences for all parties involved in higher education delivery.

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APP BASED LEARNING PLATFORMS AND BEHAVIORAL INTENTION OF UG & PG STUDENTS’ TOWARDS USAGE

Gouri Shankar Sharma, Nagapavan Chintalapati

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App based online learning platforms are gaining popularity and students are frequently using them. These Apps were web 2.0 technology based modern social media platforms. It is very useful for students learning and skill development. Primarily, the design goal for research was to explore students’ perception towards these Apps, their usability and students’ inclination. It is important to examine whether such Apps are beneficial for students’ or not. This study also highlighted the students’ attitude towards the usage of information communication technology and their perception towards these Apps. To conduct the study we have opted latent variables from Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) and Behavioral Intention scales. We merge them and framed the scale as per our research objective. Model has been developed and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to measure the variables, which tells how well they are fitted. A structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique was used to evaluate the proposed model. Based upon the statistical output, hypotheses were tested and conclusion drawn. 206 respondents were considered for the analysis. We found that these Apps are flexible and convenient platforms of learning which leads to development of positive attitude towards usage of such Apps. Over all students’ attitude and self driven motivation creates positive behavioral intention towards the use of such Apps.

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ASSESSMENT OF INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES FOR TEACHING AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OYO STATE

Aderonke Kofo SOETAN, Olufunso Oladimeji OLANREWAJU, Amos Ochayi ONOJAH, Mohammed Rabiu ABDULRAHMAN, Adenike Aderogba ONOJAH

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Instructional resources are tools which can be used by the teacher to provide help and to encourage students
learning activities. Such resources bring together man and material resources in a systematic cooperation to
effectively solve educational problems. However, teachers do not always use instructional resources to
complement their teaching and by implication, these resources are wasted. This study: (i) assessed the available
instructional resources for teaching Agricultural science, (ii.) examined the functionality of instructional resources
for teaching Agricultural science, (iii) investigated teachers’ utilization of instructional resources for teaching
Agricultural science and (iv) examined the influence of gender, experience and school ownership on teachers’
utilization of instructional resources for teaching Agricultural Science in Ogbomoso.
Survey method was adopted, in this research, 217 agricultural science teachers were purposively sampled using
questionnaires. The instrument for data collection were researchers designed checklist and questionnaires to elicit
information from the teachers. The data were analyzed with statistics Package of Social Science (SPSS) based on
gender and experience.
The findings revealed that:
1. majority of the secondary schools had school farms, agricultural science laboratory, specimens and samples,
charts, textbooks, chemicals and simple farm tools.
2. only few of the available instructional resources are functional for teaching agricultural science
3. the functional instructional resources are adequately utilized for teaching agricultural science.
4. There was no significant difference in the use of instructional resources by male and female instructors when
teaching Agricultural Science.
Teachers of Agricultural Science in Ogbomoso use accessible resources for successful teaching and learning,
according to the study. Teachers' use of instructional materials for teaching Agricultural Science is irrespective of
their gender and experience. Seminars, workshops should be organized by school administration to sensitize
agricultural science teachers towards use of instructional resources to enhance their teaching.

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DESIGNING BLENDED-LEARNING WEBSITES FOR LEARNING AND ENJOYMENT: FROM STUDENTS’ PERSPECTIVE

Hanan Atef

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Today’s students demand greater control of their own learning and the inclusion of technologies in ways that meet their needs and preferences in their use of the Internet and the World Wide Web. These students are no longer passive consumers but active producers of knowledge. It is critical to understand the concepts of enjoyment and learning for enjoyment to allow the introduction of new era where the humans are having informal leaning while surfing the Internet. Also, it seems that the guidelines for the website design have to change as well to keep pace with the new learning concepts.
In this paper, a previous study is considered as a milestone, in which some characteristics where recommended to the systems/websites that provide enjoyable online learning along with some guidelines for these systems/websites. This study aims to generalize the findings that were put in a museum context to be applicable to any informal learning context like blended learning. To do so, a questionnaire was developed and distributed to students from new media department where they have the interest about this particular issue. The results were positive; therefore, another step took place, which consists of interviews to the same questionnaire’s population to investigate the top and bottom features. The study concludes that the recommended characteristics & design guidelines that encourage enjoyable informal learning can be generalized to more than museum case study with some concentration over specific ones.  

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DIGITISED EDUCATIONAL EFFORTS (DEE): EFFECTIVENESS AND USERS PERCEPTION

Dangi Pooja Arun, Basavaprabhu Jirli

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Digitized educational efforts are growing steadily worldwide because of the continuous development of educational technologies. Global adoption of e-environment and exasperating demand for workforce indicates the need for trained specialists for the ever-evolving virtual economy. The present study was conducted to understand the perception and effectiveness of Digitized Educational Efforts (DEE) by the female students of Banaras Hindu University. The sample comprised 544 female students belonging to eight faculties of Banaras Hindu University. The data were subjected to appropriate statistical analysis for arriving at logical conclusions. Besides, the study concluded that the majority of the respondent’s perceived Digitized Educational Efforts as easily accessible and affordable than that of the traditional education system. Further, the majority of 487(89.52%) are satisfied with teaching and learning by digital mode. It was found that 109 (20.03%) agreed that there was more than 50% increase in marks and the majority of respondents found Digitized Educational Efforts found effective. 

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ETHICAL ISSUES IN USE OF ICT AT HIGHER EDUCATION

Abdullah, Ashif Ansary

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Ethics or good thinking include arranging, shielding, and suggesting excellent and lousy lead ideas. The investigation's primary focal point was to see the ethical issues of using ICT in Higher Education. For this reason, scientists built a poll comprised of 20 items. A sample of 200 students (100 each from Research Scholars and M.A. final year students) was gathered from various Departments of Social Science Faculty of Aligarh Muslim University through a convenient sampling technique. A survey research technique was utilized for this examination. The investigators did the item-wise analysis and percentage analysis for interpretation results of obtained data. The specialists found that the understudies of advanced education have a decent comprehension of ethics and ethics issues of ICT. They have the possibility of ethics, counterfeiting, virtues. The examination additionally demonstrated that they have an absence of mindfulness in a viable life.

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MOBILE PHONE AND ITS IMPACT ON ACADEMIC WORK ENGAGEMENT

Swati Sharma

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Education is the key to socio-economic development. The advancement of mobile technology has contributed to universal access to education and COVID -19 has further triggered the penetration of these devices in the college education. Young students now see mobiles phones as an extension of themselves and are increasingly becoming dependent. This research paper aims to explore the dependence (addiction) of millennial students on their mobile phones and to study the relationship between mobile addiction and academic work engagement. It also aims to investigate the gender difference in mobile addiction and student academic work engagement. The responses were collected from 211 postgraduate students. Results reveal that the mobile addiction is significantly related to student academic work engagement. Significant gender difference was found so far as the dimensions of mobile addiction and academic work engagement are concerned. The paper identifies negative influence of mobile addiction on student academic engagement. Extant literature review shows that, although mobile addiction has been studied in the past, but not much published work is available in the context of academic work engagement especially in the Indian context. The study plugs in this gap. 

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ONLINE EDUCATION DURING COVID -19: CHALLENGES FACED BY HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS

Gagandeep Kaur, Rajwinder Kaur

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The whole world is facing an unprecedented situation due to COVID-19 which has created disruption in every sector. Unplanned closure of the educational institutions has compelled the educators and learners to shift from physical classroom to virtual classroom thus bringing a change in the paradigm of education. It has also created many challenges for the learners especially in higher education and to keep pace with the academic pursuits amidst all this is a great concern. The present research study emphasized on the various challenges (academic as well as psychological) which the students of higher education are facing during this changing scenario. This study falls under the domain of descriptive research conducted on a sample of 200 students studying in higher education and the data was collected by using a self-developed questionnaire through Google forms. For analysis of data, percentage analysis has been used. The results revealed that 28.21% strongly agreed and 26.94% agreed that they are facing academic challenges while 30.94% of students strongly agreed and 28.56% agreed that they are dealing with some kind of psychological challenges during this COVID-19 situation. 

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RELEVANCE OF E-LEARNING METHOD IN THE ENHANCEMENT OF TEACHING LEARNING PROCESS DURING COVID-19 SCENARIO: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES

Surendra Kalet, Saswat Chandra Pujari

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The corona virus disease (Covid-19) outbreak has been affecting a large number of people and undermining their lives on the planet. The government of India are figuring out how to ensure that we are well prepared to face the challenges of Covid-19. One among these vital step is the lockdown to curb the rapid spread of this virus. The lockdown provoked by Covid-19 in March incited schools and universities to exercise through e-learning for teaching and learning activities. This technology is currently playing an important role in the educational sector. E-learning methods has become one of the most popular ways to learn at home in the contemporary time. This paper highlights the impact of e-learning, the different types of e-learning, and the significant role of e-learning during the Covid-19 crisis.

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THE PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS REGARDING ONLINE TEACHING DURING PANDEMIC COVID-19 LOCKDOWN

Sachin Kumar, Isha Tiwari

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COVID-19 has made a huge global impact on the economy and education is one such field that is the most affected one as students all over the world are losing their valuable time during the lockdown. Due to COVID-19 schools and colleges are shut all across the world. However Online teaching by various e techniques and methods have emerged as the go-to solution for schools, colleges, and universities but still, the success of such online teaching entirely depends upon the perception of students and also their understanding level. In this paper, we have tried to attempt to analyze the extent to which students are satisfied with the online teaching provided by their teachers by various means such as zoom classes, Google classroom, Socratives, Talent LMS , live storm etc. To study the perception of the students data was collected through the convenient sampling of 280 students from Punjab. The result indicates that most of the student accept the online education during the COVID-19 but response is not very much positive which show that students are not considering online education as an alternative to offline regular education. ANOVA was applied to test the difference in perceptions. It was concluded that male and female students carry the same viewpoint. Most UG and PG students have a difference in opinion regarding online education. Perception does not vary based on the course of study. In a different location, the student carries different perceptions regarding online studies.

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