TOJDEL - Volume 10 - Issue 4 - October 2022

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CONVERGENCE OF FACE-TO-FACE AND DISTANCE EDUCATION- A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

M.Rajesh

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The COVID-19 pandemic created a large number of challenges for every walk of life. Economies were devastated by its impact and established norms were disrupted. Education became an instant casualty of the pandemic. Schools and colleges were closed and all campus-based activities came to a standstill. All institutions were forced to look at alternative pedagogies to leap over the challenges. Consequently, a convergence of traditional and distance education-based pedagogies was seen. The present paper presents the attitude of the educationists working in India towards the convergence of pedagogy, which has been witnessed in recent times. It also looks into how the convergence of pedagogy can be made more effective.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF THE BLENDED MOOC FOR PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHER EDUCATORS

Rashmi Chauhan, Sangeeta Chauhan

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The emergence of information and communication technology has dynamically changed the framework of higher education. With the help of MOOCs, it has provided immeasurable opportunities to massive learners to learn through open online courses. Since 2002 different types of MOOCs have emerged, like- c-MOOC, x-MOOC, NOOC, sMOOC, and a hybrid MOOC/ blended MOOC. B-MOOCs have arisen as a blended learning strategy which is the combination of MOOC platform-supported activities and face-to-face activities within the class in Higher Education contexts.
This paper presents the strategies to analyse the effectiveness of a blended MOOC for the professional development of teachers. This research was conducted using mixed-method research. Qualitative and quantitative tools were used to collect data. 

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E-LEARNING IN THE CLASSROOM: A TEACHER'S PERSPECTIVE ON E-LEARNING READINESS AND ADOPTION

Neha SAXENA, Kiran GUPTA, Bishan Singh NAGI

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This study aimed to ascertain teachers' readiness to embrace the opportunity of E-learning. The researchers utilized the approach of descriptive research. The study gathered data from school teachers, who completed a questionnaire as part of the data collection process. A questionnaire was developed to collect data qualitatively and quantitatively. The key factors were derived from (Akaslan & Law, 2011; Aydin & Tasci, 2005) models of E-learning readiness. Along with demographic data, the questionnaire focused on four key factors: technology, innovation, personnel, and E-learning training. The teachers graded their available resources, skills, and attitude on a 5-point Likert scale, and qualitative data were also gathered. Teachers appear to have embraced the integration of E-learning in their pedagogy. However, some raised concerns regarding institutional support and technological use. Additionally, they believe their school is prepared to undertake E-learning but requires minor improvements in the matters of technology and personnel. This study will have an impact on teachers, students, and the institution as a whole. The study's findings may serve as a reflection for the institution in terms of considering how to sustainably incorporate E-learning into schools and in terms of understanding teacher requirements.

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EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE EXPANDATION OF DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE GLOBALIZATION PERIOD AND THE MARKETING OF EDUCATION

Ayşegül Tümer

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The effects of the competition created by the spread of distance education in the world are of great importance in the education market. As a result of globalization, distance education gains great importance and education is one of the sectors with the largest market in our age. Students from all nationalities in the world can obtain a certificate or diploma without obtaining a visa. With this study, it is tried to reveal the situation of the "distance education" process in the international market in developed and developing countries. Researches on the economic size of the international education market, the most preferred countries, universities, departments and student profiles who prefer distance education have been compiled and brought together.

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M-LEARNING COMPETENCY AND ADEQUACY OF HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS TO ADOPT MOBILE LEARNING APPROACHES

Neelima Sachwani

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Nowadays, mobile technologies have become more widely used in various industries, including accounting, business, travel, entertainment, sport, marketing etc. As a result of these advancements, mobile technologies are now being used for educational reasons. This study aimed to examine the M-Learning competency and Adequacy of higher education students to adopt mobile learning approaches. The research data for the analysis came from a sample of 150 students from Dayalbagh Educational Institute. The study concluded that students have enough potential to adopt mobile learning approach. Engineering Students were found to be more competent in adopting mobile learning approaches.

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NEW VOCATIONAL SCHOOL STUDENTS’ VIEWS AND EXPECTATIONS CONCERNING ONLINE LEARNING AND STUDYING MATHEMATICS

Sanni Suominen, Kirsi Ikonen, Antti Viholainen, Mervi A. Asikainen

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Learning mathematics online in vocational upper secondary education is a growing but little studied area. The main purpose of this research project is to develop an asynchronous online course in mathematics which would be suitable for a variety of vocational fields. This article concerns 824 Finnish students who were commencing their studies leading to a vocational upper secondary qualification in seven different fields and looks at their views on and expectations of the online learning and studying mathematics. The results, which draw on a questionnaire distributed to the students show that they regard online learning as a rather flexible way of studying and that the ability to contact a teacher through chat is considered important when studying in an online learning environment. Compared to some other fields, students of Technology are significantly less likely to think so. According to the results, mathematics is regarded as important for a future career, and it is obvious that students do not want to study mathematics more than their future careers require. The field of study influences significantly a student's experience of the need for support in studying mathematics. Students of Health and Welfare consider mathematics to be as the most important for their future career, but they also feel they are most likely to need support with mathematics.

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ONLINE LEARNING AND ODL SYSTEM DURING COVID-19: SITUATING THE EXPERIENCES OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND TEACHERS IN KASHMIR

Habibullah Shah, Khanday Mudasir Ahmad, Tariq Ahmad Wani, Showket Nabi

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The Covid-19 pandemic badly hit the education sector with global calls for educational institutions to lockdown. The current study aimed to understand how Open and Distance Learning (ODL) responded to the Covid-19 pandemic in Kashmir valley and how students and teachers experienced the role of distance education in such crisis. In this qualitative study, 11 participants, including teachers and students of the Directorate of Distance Education, University of Kashmir, participated. A semi-structured questionnaire and document analysis methods were espoused for collection of data. The thematic analysis method was employed to interpret and analyze the data. This study demonstrated that the Directorate of Distance Education, University of Kashmir, played a key role in continuing higher education in Kashmir through digital and online spaces despite having limited access to high-speed internet. Furthermore, it was revealed that participants frequently used Google Meet, Google Form, Zoom, and WhatsApp during the Covid-19 pandemic because of their easy access and effective platforms for virtual learning. Non-seriousness, lack of interest, and lack of attention among participants were also found because they were not habitual in virtual teaching and learning during Covid-19. 

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ONLINE LEARNING DURING COVID-19: A BOON OR BANE?

Sreeshna V, Sruthiya V N

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Education is one of the major areas struck by the pandemic, disrupting the physical presence of the students and faculties in a formal space. This study aims to study the challenges and opportunities in Online learning during the Covid 19 pandemic among fifty high school and higher secondary school students from the Malappuram District of Kerala State. The current research aims to investigate the challenges and strategies implemented to overcome those challenges and the available opportunities in online learning. The study revealed that there is no association between demographic variables and the challenges of online learning. The results indicate that various strategies adopted for online learning have no association with the level of satisfaction in learning among the students, but peer learning is one of the most satisfaction deriving strategies to overcome the challenges of online learning. Garret’s ranking technique identified that the major issue encountered during online learning is the delay in the delivery of information as a result of low internet signal strength. Successful students access the internet as an easy way to get learning input and not an easy way out.

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PROGRAM INCLUSIVE, CREDIT-BASED SWAYAM MOOCS IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF INDIA; A REVIEW

Amardeep Singh, Karina Bhatia Kakkar

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The University Grants Commission, in its recent directions, has advised Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) to deliver 20 to 40% of the program curriculum through credit-based MOOCs available on the SWAYAM portal. This paper reviews and analyses the various aspects related to this policy initiative. It probes the objectives of launching and delves into student and institutional readiness to implement this policy. The study is based on descriptive research methodology and relies upon bibliometric review and secondary sources such as AISHE (2019-20), UGC notifications, National Education Policy, 2020, MHRD, the Government of India, and a few relevant websites. It analyses the student success rate so far and reviews the possibility of MOOCs as an alternative to traditional educational setup and making them program inclusive. The findings reveal a huge gap between student enrolment and certification so far. The bibliometric review reveals a lack of consensus among researchers on various aspects of MOOCs. Making them program inclusive is a huge challenge with rich dividends attached.

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SIGNIFICANCE OF VIRTUAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IN INDIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM

Nilesh Anute, Devyani Ingale

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A Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) is a system that creates an interactive educational experience, usually involving student-to-student and student-to-teacher interaction. The main purpose of a VLE is to provide an online space where students can access course materials, submit assignments, and receive feedback from their instructors. A VLE may also include features such as discussion boards, chat rooms, and video conferencing to facilitate collaboration and communication among students. While VLEs are most commonly used in higher education, they are also being used more frequently in K-12 classrooms. As the use of technology in education continues to grow, VLEs will likely become even more prevalent in schools.The present study is aimed at to study the significance of virtual learning environment in Indian education system with reference to higher education. To achieve the objectives the study researcher collected the data from 460 respondents (teachers and students) from Pune city. The findings of this study will help education sector to implement virtual learning environment in the best effective way.

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STUDENTS’ PERSPECTIVE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ONLINE LEARNING: EVIDENCE FROM ASSAM, INDIA

Priyanka Basak, Angita Sarmah Boruah

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Application of technology has revolutionised the system of education today. New emerging technologies are changing the way we learn and interact with the world. Online learning has created a new dimension in education. lt has made educational content and information accessible to anyone at their own pace and convenience around the world. The recent COVID -19 pandemic has affected educational system worldwide. Closure of educational institutions due to COVID-19 pandemic have brought significant transformation to teaching learning process across the world. Due to prolonged closure of educational institution   most educational institution shifted to online mode of learning to keep the academic activities going as a result there is a trend of increasing use of educational technology by both teacher and students. However, the questions about the advantages, potential challenges and drawbacks, students’ motivation and effectiveness of online learning is still not clearly explored and understood particularly for a developing country like India. It is still a significant barrier to integrate technology into education. A large section of students does not have access to device or high-speed internet connection. They are disproportionately impacted by the digital divide. This study is basically conducted to understand the perspective of students on effectiveness of online learning. This study also explores the student’s motivation towards online learning along with its benefits and drawbacks ln this study, the data were collected from the students of different backgrounds pursuing higher education.

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TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE OF RESEARCH SCHOLARS AND THEIR PROBLEMS IN USING ICT IN BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY, TIRUCHIRAPPALLI

O. Kasinathan, C. Jerald Mathew

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The revolution in information and communication technology is ruling the globe, and it has an important role in the developing countries like India. ICT helps the scholars to build their ICT skills and help them to learn through computer assisted learning. The main objective of the study is to examine the technological knowledge of research scholars in Higher education and research. This paper employs quantitative approach to find out the technological knowledge of research scholars and their problems in using ICT. According to the study's findings, 112 (78.8%) scholars recommends digital library facility and 106(74.6%) recommends automation of Library. 114 (80.2 %) respondents said they would use internet to download e-resources, 27 (19 %) said they would go online shopping, and 120 (84.5 %) said they would prepare assignments. 87(61.2%) faced reliability problem and 142(100%) faced physical strain while using ICT services. 

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A STUDY OF COMPLIANCE OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IMPLEMENTATION PRACTICES WITH RESPECT TO CSR PROVISIONS AS STATED IN THE COMPANIES ACT 2013 WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO LARGE-SCALE ORGANIZATIONS IN PUNE

Jayashree Vivek Patole, Asita Ghewari, Charulata M. Kulkarni

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The Companies Act 2013, Sec.135 came into force on the first of April 2014,which brought major changes in the
way CSR practices are implemented by organizations in India. The most important changes are the allocation of 2
% CSR funds, the compulsion to spend it through a CSR committee in accordance with Sec.135 of the Companies
Act,the formation of CSR policy and compulsory CSR disclosures, etc.
This study aims to determine how large-scale organizations in Pune have implemented CSR in the post-CSR
mandate period.(2017-18,18-19,19-20 & 20-21).Large-scale organizations in Pune are surveyed using a structured
questionnaire.In addition to examining whether large-scale organizations' CSR policies comply with the Companies
Act 2013, the survey assesses whether different aspects of an organization's CSR practices are relevant to its CSR
policy, as stated in the law. This includes the content of CSR policy, composition of the CSR committee, creation
of the CSR fund, implementation modalities, implementing partners, monitoring and performance assessment
methods, roles and responsibilities of the Board of Directors and the CSR committee members, as well as the
disclosure practices regarding CSR.The collected data is analyzed using SPSS software and MS-excel. Hypotheses
testing is done using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, Linear Modelling, MANOVA(Multivariate analysis of
variance), and Paired Sample T-test.
According to key findings, most large-scale organizations in Pune are implementing CSR practices in accordance
with Sec.135 of the Companies Act 2013. There is a high degree of compliance with Sec.135 of the Companies Act
2013 related to different CSR provisions in different organizations.

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A STUDY ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN IT AND ITES SECTOR IN BANGALORE

Reena (Mahapatra) Lenka, Nilesh V. Limbore

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Indian IT carrier merchandisers with a protracted history have started to hone their capabilities in ultramodern technology like synthetic intelligence (AI), generally in response to client solicitations for guests who're virtual assignment metamorphosis. As they end up less apprehensive of manipulating the vast volume of data generated from their processes, guests, throughout diligence, are seeking out AI- primarily grounded complete results. Gain an aggressive aspect through the optimization of enterprise processes. They're being dragooned with the aid of using the solicitations of the virtual metamorphosis to quest for believable merchandisers of AI results, particularly within the Indian IT sector. Some notorious Indian IT groups have set up their veritably own laboratories to fulfill those conditions. The operations of an AI exploration unit inside an Indian service-grounded IT company are examined in this paper, along with the difficulties the unit encountered due to the recent epidemic, which forced unit members to switch from company-located office work to remote cooperation. In this environment, we explore our ethnographic findings to punctuate the socio-specialized features of similar developing AI exploration groups and to explain how the epidemic-convinced WFH has changed how actors coordinate.

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A STUDY ON FACTORS INFLUENCING THE PERCEPTION OF QUICK SERVICE RESTAURANT (QSR)CUSTOMER TOWARDS ONLINE FOOD ORDERING IN PUNE REGION

Pralhad Botre, Shailendrakumar Kale

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Online food delivery is becoming very popular day by day and is become a fashion now to order food online
from home or workplace. Quick service restaurants (QSR) are growing very rapidly all over India due to its
quick food preparation, consistent quality taste and minimum service time. In last decade tremendous growth in
ordering food online seen in this sector. With the change in customer food preferences and food habits, ordering
food online from quick service restaurants become most preferred destination for food lovers. Nowadays people
start ordering parcel food from restaurant as well as quick service restaurants. Online food ordering is becoming
very popular all over the India due to ease in use, convenient mode of payment, choice of food offered by QSR
outlets, number of outlets available on apps which offers discount and coupons on online food ordering and food
order delivery service to your doorstep. In today’s competitive world, the restaurants and various fast-food
outlets must often upgrade their menu in order to satisfy the need of customers and their demand, online food
ordering is much popular among the younger generation due to attractive offers and discounts offered by online
food ordering apps.
The present paper focuses on factors influencing on customer perception while ordering online food. People
from Pune region selected for this study, and it is found that the customers of all generation like quick
service restaurant food. They are very much happy with the online food ordering app. The future of online
food ordering companies seen brighter.

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A STUDY ON WORK LIFE BALANCE AND ITS IMPACT ON EMPLOYEE JOB SATISFACTION

Jigisha Naidu, Sandip Jadhav

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In today’s society, the concept of work-life balance has become increasingly important. Work-life balance is the ability to maintain a healthy, productive lifestyle despite the demands of work. The benefits of establishing a work-life balance are numerous. Employees who maintain a healthy work-life balance are frequently happier in their employment and are less prone to becoming burned out. Furthermore, those who maintain a healthy work-life balance frequently exhibit better levels of productivity and creativity. The objective of this research is to study the impact of work life balance on job satisfaction of employees. The researchers have collected the data from 100 employees working in banking sector using survey method with the help of well-structured questionnaire. The researchers identified that descriptive research design and Non probability convenience sampling method is suitable for the research study. The findings of this study will be useful banking industry to design new policies for employee engagement. 

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AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON FACTORS RESTRICTING INVESTMENT DECISION OF WOMEN INVESTORS IN THE INDIAN STOCK MARKET

Priyanka Dhoot, Bhagyashri Kunte, Pratibha Amrut Rasal

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This study aims to identify the factors that restrict female investors from investing in the stock market. 250 working women in Pune City, Maharashtra State, were considered for the study. The present study is exploratory in nature. A comprehensive questionnaire was created after researching previous literature to determine the 24 elements that were restricting the investment decisions. Even though women are leaders in every aspect of life, they still fall behind when it comes to stock market investment. Women are still bound to several social constraints, which have become a part of their personality and attitude.
In addition to this, the prevalent social norms, spiritual beliefs, and cultural values prevent women from making risky investments and put restrictions on their ability to do so. Considering this, it is an effort to explore the issues preventing women from making stock market investments. The current study is expected to help not only female investors but also various financial institutions, investment consultants, stock broking firms, and other stock market participants in exploring the barriers that restrict the investors to invest in the stock market.

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CORPORATE COMMUNICATION: BEST PRACTICES ADOPTED BY IT COMPANIES TO ENHANCE EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT

Gopa Das, Shubhangee Ramaswamy

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In recent years, the term "employee engagement" has gained popularity among human resource (HR) professionals all across the world. Every employer nowadays wants to get the most out of its staff. Without communication, there can be no interchange of ground-breaking ideas, robust interpersonal relationships, or genuine job motivation. Effective communication may boost workplace efficiency, customer satisfaction, and company expansion. IT industry has now expanded to embrace almost all aspects of computing and technology despite its ups and downs, the IT industry continues to be one of the most important contributors to the country's economic growth.  
Purpose: This study's goal is to assess and comprehend the tactics employed by IT companies to enhance staff management, with a particular emphasis on internal communication.
Methodology: In order to lay the groundwork for a literature review, this explore uses a supervised approach to review secondary data from reliable data sources, including research papers from Science Direct, Elsevier, Sage publications, and other sources.
Result and findings: Corporate communication is essential for fostering employee engagement in the Information Technology (IT) industry. The findings show that highly engaged workers are healthier, happier, more loyal, and more productive. They also have greater retention rates.
Implications: This study will be utilized by numerous IT and other industries to develop strategies for forthcoming employee engagement founded on communication.

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IMPACT OF DIGITAL BANKING ON RETAIL BANKING PRODUCTS WITH REFERENCE TO PUBLIC SECTOR BANKS IN INDIA

Indrajeet Kole, Shailendrakumar Kale, Swati Desai

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With the advent of new goods, operations, and marketing strategies, digitalisation is fundamentally changing the financial sector. Since it will require some time for this transition to be fully realised, banks must move quickly and adopt the latest technology in order to have a viable model of operation. Almost each economic potential is evolving as individuals use modern technology to a greater extent. The digital advances are dynamically changing acquisition and interaction, screening as well as financial assessment, invoicing and compensation. The fresh wave is fuelled by development, and among the greatest obstacles that happens in the future is the financial sector's technological evolution. This presents a significant chance for these sectors to reinvent itself. A key factor in every company system, conventional or virtual, is client satisfaction. Consumers' pleasure is essential for developing lengthy network connections, thus businesses in uncertain economic environments need to learn how to meet the needs of users in order to safeguard market share and expansion. The truth that assessment methods has grown commonplace in several banking institutions during the past six years is proof of this. Therefore, it is crucial for company to have a foundational grasp of the variables affecting consumer happiness. The difficulties in the financial institution is having a raising customer engagement while promoting its virtual financing options are the main topic of this article. 

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RESEARCH ON THE MOTIVE FOR INCREASED CLOUD ADOPTION AFTER THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND FUTURE CHALLENGES

Vaishali Jawale

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Many industries have been actively planning to migrate to the cloud and move their businesses to the cloud since
the world entered the Covid-19 pandemic. There are many motives because the cloud is a compelling enabling
technology that serves as the definite solution for accessing IT systems and software. It is the new imperative for
companies seeking digital transformation. Remote work is now a prevalent situation in all IT companies in
continuous operation. Covid-19 has made cloud adoption an essential priority rather than a steadily approaching
future transformation. The advantage of the cloud is that the employees of a company, not the engineers, are no
longer relied on closed, hardware-based IT infrastructures and therefore no longer must work in networked offices.
This has created a high demand for trained cloud specialists who are experts to manage and support systems running in the cloud in different parts of the world. This study mentioned the motives in the back of the growth in cloud adoption after the Covid-19 pandemic and mentioned the demanding situations going through organizations.

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SHAPING THE FUTURE OF HOTEL INDUSTRY: RESILIENCE BUILDING PERSPECTIVE

Namrata D'Souza, Sunil P. Ujagare

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Organizational resilience is linked to the processes, routines, and resources of the company. Cross-level resilience includes people, groups, and organizations, and depends on the relationships between several levels. Resilience however is a procedure that is affected by the resources and routine of organization. In a discontinuous, emergent internal and external environment, resilience is a capability. A potential capability of an organization that cannot be seen in its day-to-day operations is its organizational resilience. Organizational resilience can benefit management, nevertheless, when the environment starts to change and become disruptive. Defensive techniques are employed by companies in an effort to avert undesirable outcomes. Organizations with progressive tactics, on the other hand, work to influence favourable occurrences through their actions. The objective of this study is study resilience building perspective of hotel industry. The researchers have collected the data from 200 respondents using survey method with the help of well-structured questionnaire. The researcher identified that descriptive research design and Non probability convenience sampling method is suitable for the research study. The findings of this study will be useful to many companies to sustain in the competitive world.

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STOCK VOLATILITY AND RETURN ANALYSIS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SELECT AUTOMOBİLE COMPANIES IN INDIA FOR INVESTMENT DECISION MAKING

Avinash Ghadage, Harshal Raje, Vilis Pawar

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This study is about the comparative analysis of vitality and return of stock prices of selected automotive companies. Due to impact of Pandemic 19, many automobile companies are still facing challenges related to production, supply chain, marketing & financing, many investors are preferring stocks of Pharma, health care and IT sector. The growth of these companies is not up to the mark as of now. To attract the investors towards automobile companies it is important to know the stability and return analysis of the stock prices of these companies. Here three companies are selected to conduct comparative analysis of vitality of stock of automobile companies. This analysis resulted to find the less volatile stock and steady return analysis for investment purpose. Various statistical tools such as standard deviation, average return, daily return and variance are used to analyze the data.

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